Rudolph Hess

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Rudolph Hess

Der „Stellvertreter des Führers“ Rudolf Heß nahm sich im Gefängnis das Leben. Er war der letzte inhaftierte Hauptkriegsverbrecher, der in den Nürnberger. Rudolf Walter Richard Heß [alco-test.eu a{text-decoration:none}hɛs] war ein deutscher Politiker. Heß war ab Reichsminister ohne. Rudolf Walter Richard Heß war ein deutscher Politiker. Heß war ab Reichsminister ohne Geschäftsbereich und ab Mitglied des Ministerrates für die Reichsverteidigung.

Rudolph Hess aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

Rudolf Walter Richard Heß war ein deutscher Politiker. Heß war ab Reichsminister ohne Geschäftsbereich und ab Mitglied des Ministerrates für die Reichsverteidigung. Rudolf Walter Richard Heß [hɛs] (* April in Alexandria, Ägypten; † August in Berlin-Wilhelmstadt) war ein deutscher Politiker (NSDAP). NS-Politiker. April: Rudolf Heß wird als Sohn eines deutschen Kaufmanns und dessen Frau in Alexandria (Ägypten). Rudolf Walter Richard Heß [alco-test.eu a{text-decoration:none}hɛs] war ein deutscher Politiker. Heß war ab Reichsminister ohne. ; Peter Longerich, Hitlers Stellvertreter. Führung der Partei und Kontrolle des Staatsapparates durch den Stab Heß und die Partei-Kanzlei Bormann, München​. Rudolf Heß ist nicht nur wegen seiner Nähe zu Hitler historisch bemerkenswert. Vielmehr bietet seine Biographie auch die Gelegenheit, eine diachrone. Category:Rudolf Hess. Language · Watch · Edit. Rudolf Hess (es); Rudolf Heß (co​); Rudolf Hess (is); Rudolf Hess (ms); Рудолф Хес (bg);.

Rudolph Hess

NS-Politiker. April: Rudolf Heß wird als Sohn eines deutschen Kaufmanns und dessen Frau in Alexandria (Ägypten). Rudolf Walter Richard Heß war ein deutscher Politiker. Heß war ab Reichsminister ohne Geschäftsbereich und ab Mitglied des Ministerrates für die Reichsverteidigung. Rudolf Heß ist nicht nur wegen seiner Nähe zu Hitler historisch bemerkenswert. Vielmehr bietet seine Biographie auch die Gelegenheit, eine diachrone. Rudolph Hess

Rudolph Hess - So starb Hitlers wahnsinniger „Stellvertreter“

Mai , Rechtschreibfehler im Original. Poster, Bestanddeelnr Wir freuen uns über ein Like. Eine Biographie. Er geriet in Kriegsgefangenschaft und wurde dem internationalen Militärgerichtshof in Nürnberg überstellt. Piper, MünchenBd. November mit der SS-Nr. Im Juni erklärte er zum Beispiel:. Jack Black, MünchenS. Churchill befahl, ihn streng zu isolieren, aber angemessen zu behandeln. Proces Neurenberg. Actie voor vrijlating van Rudolf Hess. He asked for a radio compass, modifications to the oxygen delivery system, and large long-range fuel tanks to be installed on this plane, and these requests were şimdi by March Er wies sie über Jahre Rudolph Hess ab und nahm kein Intimverhältnis auf. He was wounded on 23 July and again on 8 August ; the first injury was a shell splinter to the left arm, which was dressed in the field, but the second was a bullet wound that entered the upper chest near the armpit and exited near his Die Bestimmung Tattoo column, leaving a pea-sized entry wound and a cherry stone-sized exit wound on his back. Januar bis In Hess Die Bourne Reihe in the University of Munichwhere he studied geopolitics under Karl Haushofera proponent of the concept of Lebensraum "living space"which became one of the pillars of Nazi ideology.

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Rudolf Hess - Nazi Pacifist, Traitor or Madman? - WW2 Special Episode

Beide starben Aus Sorge um seine geistige Gesundheit einigten sich die Gefängnisdirektoren darauf, die zuvor recht harten Haftbedingungen zu lockern.

Weiterhin wurde seine Zelle nicht mehr verschlossen, und er erhielt somit ständigen Zugang zu den Waschgelegenheiten des Gefängnisses sowie zur Gefängnisbücherei.

Gesuche auf vorzeitige Entlassung aus der Gefangenschaft scheiterten am Veto der Sowjetunion. In den er- und er-Jahren setzten sich Politiker und Kirchenvertreter für eine Freilassung aus humanitären Gründen ein, auch um eine Verklärung als Märtyrer zu verhindern.

Bundespräsident Gustav Heinemann wandte sich dazu kurz vor seinem Ausscheiden aus dem Amt schriftlich an die Regierungschefs der Alliierten.

Geburtstag ein Gnadengesuch. Ursprünglich hatte Weizsäcker geplant, bereits in seiner berühmten Rede zum 8. Weizsäckers Pressesprecher und Redenschreiber Friedbert Pflüger hatte dies mit Hinweis auf die damals gerade aufgeflammte Bitburg-Kontroverse jedoch zunächst noch verhindert.

Zum Ersten Vorsitzenden wurde Max Sachsenheimer gewählt. Bis zu seinem Tod am Seitdem verwaltet seine Witwe die Position kommissarisch.

So stürzte er sich am Juni von einem Balkon in Mytchett Place , [27] am 4. November zertrümmerte er seine Brille und schnitt sich mit einer der Scherben die Pulsadern auf, [81] am Februar unternahm er dasselbe mit einem Messer.

Er war an diesem Tag wie jeden Tag im Garten des Gefängnisses spazieren gegangen. In dieser schien er sich etwas auszuruhen. Am darauffolgenden Tag wurden weitere Details veröffentlicht.

Angeblich hatte sich die Sowjetunion dem zunächst widersetzt. Er hatte zwar nie in der Stadt gelebt, aber seinem Wunsch wurde aus dem christlichen Beweggrund entsprochen, nicht über den Tod hinaus zu richten.

Oktober seitens der evangelischen Kirchengemeinde Wunsiedel gekündigt. Damit verbunden war die Hoffnung, dass das Interesse von Neonazis an Aufmärschen in Wunsiedel weiter schwinden würde.

Juli aufgelöst. Daher blühte lange eine populärwissenschaftliche Literatur mit verschiedenen Verschwörungstheorien.

Die von der Familie aufgeworfene Frage, ob ein Erdrosseln oder Erhängen vorlag, konnte das Nachgutachten nicht beantworten, da wichtige Halseingeweide wie Kehlkopf, Luftröhre, Schilddrüse und eine Halsschlagader infolge der britischen Erstobduktion fehlten und es im Nachhinein nicht mehr zu unterscheiden war, ob die vorliegende Gewalteinwirkung gegen den Hals durch Erhängen oder Erdrosseln hervorgerufen wurde.

Dies wird von Vertretern der Mordthese als Beweis angesehen. Er referiert seitdem dazu vor Neonazis. Die Demonstrationen in diesen Jahren wurden auch vom Bundesverfassungsgericht zugelassen.

Um zu zeigen, dass sie sich nicht mit diesen Aufmärschen identifizieren, organisierten Bürger Wunsiedels Gegendemonstrationen und gründeten Bürgerinitiativen, die sich für Toleranz, Engagement und Zivilcourage einsetzen.

Eine Änderung des Strafgesetzbuches im Jahr , das die Billigung, Rechtfertigung oder Verherrlichung der nationalsozialistischen Herrschaft unter Strafe stellt, ermöglichte ein Verbot der Aufmärsche.

Diese Entscheidung wurde beide Male vom Verwaltungsgericht Bayreuth , dem Bayerischen Verwaltungsgerichtshof und dem Bundesverfassungsgericht bestätigt siehe auch Wunsiedel-Entscheidung.

Seither finden in Wunsiedel nur noch Schweigemärsche mit geringen Teilnehmerzahlen statt. Da der Todestag im Jahr von besonderer symbolischer Bedeutung war, wurden in zahlreichen Orten Deutschlands im Vorfeld Demonstrationsverbote verhängt, die von den Veranstaltern gerichtlich angefochten wurden.

So durften hierzu in ganz Sachsen-Anhalt keine Demonstrationen durchgeführt werden. In München wurde ein Aufmarsch unter Auflagen zugelassen.

Der Landkreis Forchheim legte gegen den Beschluss des Verwaltungsgerichts Bayreuth Beschwerde vor dem Bayerischen Verwaltungsgerichtshof ein, eine Demonstration in Gräfenberg zuzulassen.

Er habe in der zweiten Hälfte seiner jährigen Haft einen tiefgreifenden Wandel vollzogen und am Ende nichts mehr von einem Nationalsozialisten oder Antisemiten an sich gehabt.

Zu anderen Personen siehe Rudolf Hess. Mai Econ, Düsseldorf, 3. Auflage , S. Econ, Düsseldorf 3. Ullstein Taschenbuch, Grondrom Verlag, Bindlach , S.

Deutschland — Siedler Verlag, Berlin , S. Beck Verlag, München , S. Harnack, München , S. In: Der Spiegel. Saur, München , S. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart , S.

Hitler und die Anfänge des Dritten Reichs. Ullstein, Berlin , S. Geschichte der SA. Beck, München , S. In: David Culbert Hrsg.

Oldenbourg, München , Dok. Schöningh, Paderborn , S. Eine Gesamtdarstellung der nationalsozialistischen Judenverfolgung.

Piper, München , S. Droste, Düsseldorf , S. Justiz und Nationalsozialismus. Ebert, Johann B. Eine Biographie.

In: Geschichte und Gegenwart , S. Tagebücher — Aufbau, Berlin , Bd. Zitiert bei Henning Köhler : Deutschland auf dem Weg zu sich selbst.

Eine Jahrhundertgeschichte. Hohenheim-Verlag, Stuttgart , S. In: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte , 41 , S. April Politik und Kriegführung — München , S.

Kalkül oder Dogma? Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, Berlin und Köln , S. Piper, München , Bd. Eintrag vom Mai , Rechtschreibfehler im Original.

In: Bernd Wegner Hrsg. Piper, München S. August Memento vom 5. November auf WebCite Zugriff am April ]. The National Archives, News, Juli Englandflug und Gefangenschaft.

August — Der Stellvertreter trat ab. September Bantam Press, London , S. New York, Taplinger , S. The Life of Maxwell Knight.

HarperCollins, London Dokumentation, , Video bei YouTube. In: Publikative. He created an international sensation when in he secretly flew to Great Britain on an abortive self-styled mission to negotiate a peace between Britain and Germany.

The death of Rudolf Hess was officially ruled a suicide. According to a report by the Special Investigation Branch of the Royal Military Police, Hess hanged himself with an electric cord inside a summer house on the grounds of the Spandau Prison.

Rudolf Hess died in Spandau Prison in West Berlin , where Nazi officials who had been sentenced to imprisonment at the Nürnberg trials were housed.

From until his death in , Hess was the only prisoner at Spandau. Rudolf Hess is most famous for undertaking a secret solo flight from Bavaria to Scotland in May to deliver proposals for peace between Germany and Great Britain.

After the war, he studied at the University of Munich , where he engaged in nationalist propaganda.

In April Hess became deputy party leader and in December entered the cabinet. In Hitler declared him second to Hermann Göring in the line of succession.

Hess had a reputation for absolute loyalty to Hitler. Hess decided in the spring of to bring the continuing military struggle between Germany and Britain to an end by means of a spectacular coup and thereby restore his flagging prestige.

After the war, Hess was tried at the Nuremberg Nürnberg war crimes trials , convicted, and given a life sentence.

He served his sentence at Spandau prison in Berlin , where from he was the sole inmate. After his death in , Hess was buried in Wunsiedel, Bavaria , and his grave later became a pilgrimage site for neo-Nazis.

In it was decided that his body should be moved. Print Cite. Facebook Twitter.

S chön kann der Anblick nicht gewesen sein: Der alte Mann mit dem verhärmten Gesicht hing, ein Elektrokabel um den Hals geschlungen, am Fenster des Gartenhäuschens im Hof des ziegelroten Gefängnisses. Doch ihre Aufmärsche wurden von einer Übermacht an Gegendemonstranten begleitet. Deutschland Saw 8 Stream Kinox Trotz dieser Vertrauensposition war er in der Nacht vom Von Philipp Wittrock. Dies wird von Sky Ticket Auf Fire Tv Stick der Mordthese als Beweis angesehen. Rudolph Hess Piper, München S. April in Ibrahimieheinem Vorort von Alexandria, geboren. Siedler Verlag, BerlinS. Icon: Menü Menü. Um Ndr/Sh zeigen, dass sie sich nicht mit diesen Aufmärschen identifizieren, organisierten Bürger Wunsiedels Gegendemonstrationen und gründeten Bürgerinitiativen, die sich für Toleranz, Engagement und Zivilcourage einsetzen. Februar: Er wird Mitglied des Geheimen Kabinettrats. Am Samstag kamen etwa Neonazis - viele Bürger sind empört. Er referiert seitdem dazu vor Neonazis.

By this time some of his captors suspected Hess's true identity, though he continued to insist his name was Horn. Hamilton had been on duty as wing commander at RAF Turnhouse near Edinburgh when Hess had arrived, and his station had been one of those that had tracked the progress of the flight.

He arrived at Maryhill Barracks the next morning, and after examining Hess's effects, he met alone with the prisoner. Hess immediately admitted his true identity and outlined the reason for his flight.

Hamilton told Hess that he hoped to continue the conversation with the aid of an interpreter; Hess could speak English well, but was having trouble understanding Hamilton.

After the meeting, Hamilton examined the remains of the Messerschmitt in the company of an intelligence officer, then returned to Turnhouse, where he made arrangements through the Foreign Office to meet Churchill, who was at Ditchley for the weekend.

They had some preliminary talks that night, and Hamilton accompanied Churchill back to London the next day, where they both met with members of the War Cabinet.

Churchill sent Hamilton with foreign affairs expert Ivone Kirkpatrick , who had met Hess previously, to positively identify the prisoner, who had been moved to Buchanan Castle overnight.

Kirkpatrick held two more meetings with Hess over the course of the next few days, while Hamilton returned to his duties. In addition to being disappointed at the apparent failure of his mission, Hess began claiming that his medical treatment was inadequate and that there was a plot afoot to poison him.

Hess's flight, but not his destination or fate, was first announced by Munich Radio in Germany on the evening of 12 May. On 13 May Hitler sent Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop to give the news in person to Mussolini, and the British press was permitted to release full information about events that same day.

On 14 May Ilse Hess finally learned that her husband had survived the trip when news of his fate was broadcast on German radio.

Two sections of the fuselage of the aircraft were initially hidden by David McLean and later retrieved. One part was sold to the former assistant secretary of the Battle of Britain Association, who gave it to a war museum in the US; this The aeroplane had been armed with four machine guns in the nose, but carried no ammunition.

From Buchanan Castle, Hess was transferred briefly to the Tower of London and then to Mytchett Place in Surrey , a fortified mansion, designated "Camp Z", where he stayed for the next 13 months.

Three intelligence officers were stationed onsite and soldiers were placed on guard. By early June, Hess was allowed to write to his family.

He also prepared a letter to the Duke of Hamilton, but it was never delivered, and his repeated requests for further meetings were turned down.

Dicks and Dr John Rawlings Rees , psychiatrists who treated Hess during this period, noted that while he was not insane, he was mentally unstable, with tendencies toward hypochondria and paranoia.

Lord Simon noted that the prisoner's mental state was not good; Hess claimed he was being poisoned and was being prevented from sleeping.

While in Scotland, Hess claimed to have discovered a "secret force" controlling the minds of Churchill and other British leaders, filling them with an irrational hatred of Germany.

Hess claimed the force acted on Hitler's mind as well, causing him to make poor military decisions. He said that Jews had psychic powers that allowed them to control the minds of others, including Himmler, and that the Holocaust was part of a Jewish plot to defame Germany.

In the early morning hours of 16 June , Hess rushed his guards and attempted suicide by jumping over the railing of the staircase at Mytchett Place.

He fell onto the stone floor below, fracturing the femur of his left leg. The injury required that the leg be kept in traction for 12 weeks, with a further six weeks bed rest before he was permitted to walk with crutches.

Captain Munro Johnson of the Royal Army Medical Corps , who assessed Hess, noted that another suicide attempt was likely to occur in the near future.

Hess began around this time to complain of amnesia. This symptom and some of his increasingly erratic behaviour may have in part been a ruse, because if he were declared mentally ill, he could be repatriated under the terms of the Geneva Conventions.

Hess was moved to Maindiff Court Hospital on 26 June , where he remained for the next three years.

The facility was chosen for its added security and the need for fewer guards. Hess was allowed walks on the grounds and car trips into the surrounding countryside.

He had access to newspapers and other reading materials; he wrote letters and journals. His mental health remained under the care of Dr Rees.

Hess continued to complain on and off of memory loss and made a second suicide attempt on 4 February , when he stabbed himself with a bread knife.

The wound was not serious, requiring two stitches. Despondent that Germany was losing the war, he took no food for the next week, only resuming eating when he was threatened with being force-fed.

Germany surrendered unconditionally on 8 May Hess, facing charges as a war criminal, was ordered to appear before the International Military Tribunal and was transported to Nuremberg on 10 October The Allies of World War II held a series of military tribunals and trials, beginning with a trial of the major war criminals from November to October Hess was tried with this first group of 23 defendants, all of whom were charged with four counts—conspiracy to commit crimes, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity , in violation of international laws governing warfare.

On his arrival in Nuremberg, Hess was reluctant to give up some of his possessions, including samples of food he said had been poisoned by the British; he proposed to use these for his defence during the trial.

The commandant of the facility, Colonel Burton C. Andrus of the United States Army, advised him that he would be allowed no special treatment; the samples were sealed and confiscated.

As one defendant, Robert Ley , had managed to hang himself in his cell on 24 October, the remaining prisoners were monitored around the clock.

Almost immediately after his arrival, Hess began exhibiting amnesia, which may have been feigned in the hope of avoiding the death sentence.

The chief psychiatrist at Nuremberg, Douglas Kelley of the US Military, gave the opinion that the defendant suffered from "a true psychoneurosis, primarily of the hysterical type, engrafted on a basic paranoid and schizoid personality, with amnesia, partly genuine and partly feigned", but found him fit to stand trial.

The prosecution's case against Hess was presented by Mervyn Griffith-Jones beginning on 7 February By quoting from Hess's speeches, he attempted to demonstrate that Hess had been aware of and agreed with Hitler's plans to conduct a war of aggression in violation of international law.

He declared that as Hess had signed important governmental decrees, including the decree requiring mandatory military service, the Nuremberg racial laws, and a decree incorporating the conquered Polish territories into the Reich, he must share responsibility for the acts of the regime.

He pointed out that the timing of Hess's trip to Scotland, only six weeks before the German invasion of the Soviet Union, could only be viewed as an attempt by Hess to keep the British out of the war.

Hess resumed showing symptoms of amnesia at the end of February, partway through the prosecution's case. He noted that while Hess accepted responsibility for the many decrees he had signed, he said these matters were part of the internal workings of a sovereign state and thus outside the purview of a war crimes trial.

When Griffith-Jones presented questions about the organisation's spying in several countries, Bohle testified that any warlike activities such as espionage had been done without his permission or knowledge.

Seidl presented a summation of the defence's case on 25 July, in which he attempted to refute the charge of conspiracy by pointing out that Hitler alone had made all the important decisions.

He noted that Hess could not be held responsible for any events that took place after he left Germany in May Meanwhile, Hess mentally detached himself from what was happening, declining visits from his family and refusing to read the newspapers.

The court deliberated for nearly two months before passing judgement on 30 September, with the defendants being individually sentenced on 1 October.

Hess was found guilty on two counts: crimes against peace planning and preparing a war of aggression , and conspiracy with other German leaders to commit crimes.

He was found not guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity. He was given a life sentence, one of seven Nazis to receive prison sentences at the trial.

These seven were transported by aircraft to the Allied military prison at Spandau in Berlin on 18 July Spandau was placed under the control of the Allied Control Council , the governing body in charge of the military occupation of Germany, which consisted of representatives from Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union.

Each country supplied prison guards for a month at a time on a rotating basis. After the inmates were given medical examinations—Hess refused his body search, and had to be held down [] —they were provided with prison garb and assigned the numbers by which they were addressed throughout their stay.

Hess was Number 7. The prison had a small library and inmates were allowed to file special requests for additional reading material.

Writing materials were limited; each inmate was allowed four pieces of paper per month for letters. They were not allowed to speak to one another without permission and were expected to work in the facility, helping with cleaning and gardening chores.

Some of the rules became more relaxed as time went on. Visitors were allowed to come for half an hour per month, but Hess forbade his family to visit until December , when he was a patient at the British Military Hospital in West Berlin for a perforated ulcer.

By this time, Wolf Rüdiger Hess was 32 years old and Ilse 69; they had not seen Hess since his departure from Germany in After this illness, he allowed his family to visit regularly.

His daughter-in-law Andrea, who often brought photos and films of his grandchildren, became a particularly welcome visitor.

He cried out in the night, claiming he had stomach pains. He continued to suspect that his food was being poisoned and complained of amnesia.

Other than his stays in hospital, Hess spent the rest of his life in Spandau Prison. A lift was installed so he could easily reach the garden, and he was provided with a medical orderly from onward.

Hess's lawyer Alfred Seidl launched numerous appeals for his release, beginning as early as These were denied, mainly because the Soviets repeatedly vetoed the proposal.

Spandau was located in West Berlin, and its existence gave the Soviets a foothold in that sector of the city. Additionally, Soviet officials believed Hess must have known in that an attack on their country was imminent.

By , , people had signed the petition. In September , medical tests showed that Hess was suffering from potentially fatal prostate cancer.

Hess's appeal to neo-Nazi groups in West Germany further increased the Soviet unwillingness to consider his release.

Hess continued to be an unapologetic Nazi and anti-Semite; this was usually ignored by those championing his release, who portrayed him as a harmless old man.

On 25 June , a Soviet guard caught Charles Gabel, the chaplain at Spandau, attempting to smuggle out a statement by Hess, causing Gabel to be fired.

Hess had originally written the document as his opening address at the Nuremberg trial in , which he had been unable to deliver in full after the judges cut him short.

Hess tried to mail a copy of the statement to Sir Oswald Mosley in October , but the letter was intercepted by his American guards.

He said in the statement that he had decided to make his flight to Scotland without informing Hitler, with the aim of informing Britain of the Soviet danger to "European civilization" and the entire world.

He believed his warning would cause Britain to end its war with Germany and join in the fight against the Soviet Union. Hess died on 17 August , aged 93, in a summer house that had been set up in the prison garden as a reading room.

He took an extension cord from one of the lamps, strung it over a window latch, and hanged himself. A short note to his family was found in his pocket, thanking them for all that they had done.

The Four Powers released a statement on 17 September ruling the death a suicide. He was initially buried at a secret location to avoid media attention or demonstrations by Nazi sympathisers, but his body was re-interred in a family plot at Wunsiedel on 17 March ; his wife was buried beside him in Hess's lawyer Alfred Seidl felt that he was too old and frail to have managed to kill himself.

Wolf Rüdiger Hess repeatedly claimed that his father had been murdered by the British Secret Intelligence Service to prevent him from revealing information about British misconduct during the war.

Abdallah Melaouhi served as Hess's medical orderly from to ; he was dismissed from his position at his local district parliament's Immigration and Integration Advisory Council after he wrote a self-published book on a similar theme.

According to an investigation by the British government in , the available evidence did not back up the claim that Hess was murdered, and Solicitor General Sir Nicholas Lyell saw no grounds for further investigation.

Historian Peter Padfield wrote that the suicide note found on the body appeared to have been written when Hess was hospitalised in Wunsiedel became a destination for pilgrimages and neo-Nazi demonstrations every August on the date of Hess's death.

To put a stop to neo-Nazi pilgrimages, the parish council decided not to allow an extension on the grave site's lease when it expired in The remains were cremated and the ashes scattered at sea by family members.

The gravestone, which bore the epitaph "Ich hab's gewagt" "I have dared" , was destroyed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 30 October This article is about the Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler.

For the commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp, see Rudolf Höss. For the Californian artist, see Rudolf Hess artist.

Ilse Pröhl. Racial ideology. Final Solution. Nazism outside of Germany. Related topics. Further information: Nuremberg Trials. Bird, Eugene The Loneliest Man in the World.

Chesler, Caren 1 October Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 4 September Childers, Thomas Boston; Cambridge: Houghton Mifflin.

Dowling, Siobhan 21 July The Guardian. Retrieved 26 February Evans, Richard J. The Coming of the Third Reich.

Penguin Group. The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin Group. The Third Reich at War. Goda, Norman Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gunther, John Inside Europe. Handwerk, Brian 10 May Retrieved 28 August Hess, Wolf Rüdiger []. My Father Rudolf Hess.

London: W. Herwig, Holger Greenwald, John; Freeman, Clive 31 August Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 27 February Jacobsen, Hans-Adolf Chrisitan Leitz ed.

The Structure of Nazi Foreign Policy, — London: Blackwell. The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 January Is Tomorrow Hitler's? Lang, Jochen von The Secretary.

New York: Random House. Hess: A Biography. London: Granada. Milmo, Cahal 10 September The Independent.

Retrieved 10 September Nesbit, Roy Conyers; van Acker, Georges []. Stroud: History Press. Padfield, Peter Hess: The Fuhrer's Disciple.

Pick, Daniel Retrieved 21 June Rubinstein, William Brighton: Edward Everett Root. Sereny, Gitta []. New York: Vintage. Shirer, William L.

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. Schmidt, Rainer F. Mai in German. Smith, Michael 27 December Telegraph Media Group Limited. Speer, Albert [].

Inside the Third Reich. New York: Avon. Speer, Albert Spandau: The Secret Diaries. New York: Macmillan. Staff 24 July Bild in German.

Axel Springer AG. Archived from the original on 23 January Staff 21 October Staff 5 June Staff 31 May The Scotsman. Staff 21 July BBC News.

Williams, Max Fonthill Media LLC. Nacque in Egitto , ad Alessandria [1] , da una famiglia benestante che si trovava in Africa per motivi di lavoro.

Il padre Fritz, bavarese , luterano praticante, era un ricco esportatore di vini, sua madre era Clara Hess nata Münch. Espresse interesse per l' astronomia , [2] ma il padre lo convinse a seguire studi economici ad Amburgo e in Svizzera [1].

Il suo professore di geopolitica fu Karl Haushofer , un teorico del concetto di Lebensraum "spazio vitale". Fu Hess a presentare Haushofer a Hitler, il quale fece del Lebensraum una colonna portante del pensiero nazionalsocialista [3].

Insieme ebbero un figlio, Wolf Rüdiger Hess [4] 18 novembre — 24 ottobre Fu condannato a diciotto mesi di detenzione [5].

Sei anni dopo, Rudolf Hess fu nominato ufficialmente numero tre del partito, dopo Hitler e Göring. Non si oppose all'invasione della Polonia , che fu poi la causa dello scoppio della seconda guerra mondiale.

Fu consegnato all'esercito britannico, che provvide al suo internamento. La versione ufficiale britannica vide in Hess un uomo in crisi, con disturbi mentali, sconvolto dagli orrori della guerra, messo da parte dal regime, intenzionato a proporre, tramite il duca e all'insaputa del dittatore, un utopistico piano di pace ai britannici — considerati fratelli d'origine — basato sulla spartizione del potere a livello mondiale.

Una prima interpretazione, suffragata da documentazione ufficiale sia britannica, sia tedesca e dalla stessa deposizione del protagonista, vede la missione come un'iniziativa individuale di Hess, che nell'ottica del dittatore nazista si configurava come un atto di grave insubordinazione, se non di alto tradimento.

Un'altra interpretazione, che si colloca nel filone del revisionismo storico, vede questa missione avvenuta con il consenso se non con l'ordine di Hitler.

Le proposte di Hitler sarebbero state giudicate inaccettabili o l'interlocutore inaffidabile dopo Monaco dal governo di Londra e, a questo punto, vi sarebbe stata una coincidenza di interessi tra gli opposti belligeranti per far apparire il volo di Hess come un'iniziativa individuale.

Lo stesso Hess, al termine della guerra, avrebbe avuto interesse a presentare il suo volo come un'iniziativa individuale, al fine di alleggerire la propria posizione processuale, presentandosi come un insubordinato invece che come un emissario di Hitler.

Al Processo di Norimberga nel Hess, imputato in tutti e quattro i capi d'accusa, fu considerato colpevole di "cospirazione per commettere crimini contro la pace" e di "aver pianificato, iniziato e intrapreso delle guerre d'aggressione".

Fu condannato all' ergastolo [8]. Per l'esecuzione della pena fu rinchiuso nel carcere di Spandau , a Berlino Ovest.

Numerose furono in seguito le richieste di grazia , soprattutto dopo che Hess era rimasto l'unico detenuto del carcere dopo la liberazione degli altri nazisti condannati a pene detentive, rimaste sempre inascoltate per l'intransigenza dell' URSS e il mancato appoggio del Regno Unito.

La versione ufficiale, che parla di suicidio, fu messa in dubbio non solo dai familiari. Hess fu sepolto a Wunsiedel , in Baviera [10].

Gli eredi di Hess decisero di far cremare i resti e di disperderne le ceneri in mare. Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Disambiguazione — Se stai cercando altri significati, vedi Rudolf Hess disambigua. Questa voce o sezione sull'argomento politici tedeschi non cita le fonti necessarie o quelle presenti sono insufficienti.

In Septembermedical tests showed that Hess was suffering from potentially fatal prostate cancer. According to a report by the Special Investigation Branch of the Royal Military Police, Hess hanged himself with an electric cord inside a summer house on the grounds of the Spandau Prison. Fu condannato all' ergastolo [8]. These were denied, mainly because the Soviets repeatedly vetoed the proposal. The family fortunes had taken a serious downturn, as their business interests in Egypt had been expropriated by the British. The National Akatsuki Log Horizon, News, VII biplanes. Der „Stellvertreter des Führers“ Rudolf Heß nahm sich im Gefängnis das Leben. Er war der letzte inhaftierte Hauptkriegsverbrecher, der in den Nürnberger. Rudolf Heß, der letzte noch lebende Mann aus dem engsten Kreis um Adolf Hitler, starb am Nachmittag des August an den Folgen. rudolf heß kinder.

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RR7413/1 SPECIAL: RUDOLPH HESS AT SPANDAU PRISON

Rudolph Hess - Rudolf Heß

In München wurde ein Aufmarsch unter Auflagen zugelassen. Beck Verlag, München , S. Rudolph Hess

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Dieser Beitrag hat 1 Kommentare

  1. Tasida

    Sie sind nicht recht. Es ich kann beweisen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM, wir werden umgehen.

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